The Boeing 757-200 is a member of the popular 757/767 family of medium-sized airplanes. The 757-200 is a twin-engine short-to-medium-range jetliner incorporating advanced technology for exceptional fuel efficiency, low noise levels, increased passenger comfort and top operating performance. The 757 offers great versatility by reducing airport congestion.
In January 13, 1982, the first 757-200 rolled out of the Boeing Renton, Washington plant. Its maiden flight was on February 19, 1982. The 757-200 underwent 1,380 hours of flight testing over a ten month period for certification by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration. The 757-200 was delivered on December 22, 1982 to launch customer Eastern Airlines. The aircraft was placed into service on January 1, 1983. On January 14, 1983, the 757-200 was certified to fly in the United Kingdom by the British Civil Aviation Authority.
The 757-200 version forms the majority of 757s sold. Boeing positioned the plane above the 737 and as an eventual replacement for the 727. This variant can carry up to a 228 passengers in a single class; however, it can carry a maximum of 234 passengers with a seat pitch of 29"". The 757-200 and twin-aisle 767 were developed concurrently, both having the same technological advancements in propulsion, aerodynamics, avionics and materials. Thats why many airline operators operate both 757 and 767 airplanes.
The 757-200s high-bypass-ratio engines combined with the wing design making it the quietest, most fuel-efficient jetliners in the world. The 757-200 is available in two different door configurations. The 757-200s interior became standard on all narrowbody Boeing aircraft. The 757s wing is less swept and is thicker through the center than earlier aircraft, permitting a longer span. The 757-200 flight deck pioneered the use of digital electronics and advanced displays offering increased reliability and advanced features compared to older electro-mechanical instruments.